Update published on Monday, the International Monetary Fund expects growth in the Middle East, North Africa, Afghanistan, and Pakistan region to remain subdued at 2.4 percent this year, before recovering to about 3 percent in 2020.
At the launch of the report in Davos, Switzerland, Gopinath said: "The global expansion is weakening and at a rate that is somewhat faster than expected".
In a report published on Monday, the fund projected a 3.5 percent growth rate worldwide for 2019 and 3.6 percent growth for 2020.
"Global growth in 2018 is estimated to be 3.7 percent, as it was last fall, but signs of a slowdown in the second half of 2018 have led to downward revisions for several economies".
Growth forecast for the United States remains unchanged, the IMF said, adding that it is expected to decline to 2.5 percent in 2019 and soften further to 1.8 percent in 2020 with the unwinding of fiscal stimulus and as the federal funds rate temporarily overshoots the neutral rate of interest.
It also lowered the economic growth forecast for next year to 2.2 per cent from the 2.5 per cent it previously predicted. Meantime, The IMF has once again downgraded its global growth forecast, which may see local shares trade lower today.
While it cut forecasts for a number of national economies, it forecast 1.5 per cent 2019 growth for Britain, the same as in October.More news: Is Solskjaer's start at Manchester United the best in Premier League history?
More news: Osaka slams past Hsieh into round 4 of Australian Open
More news: Oil climbs 1pc on OPEC output cut, but United States production robust
"We believe the risks to more significant downward corrections are rising".
However, the world´s two largest economies, now the source of most of the risk to global growth, did not see further downward revisions. An escalation of trade tensions beyond those already incorporated in the forecast remains a key source of risk to the outlook.
Beyond the trade risks, other sources of political uncertainty also have the potential to slow growth in major economies, including the month-long USA government shutdown, and the possibility of a no-deal Brexit.
The figures from the National Bureau of Statistics drags full-year growth down to 6.6 percent, the slowest annual pace since 1990.
But it is in line with the World Bank's estimate of 7.3 per cent.
China's growth slowdown could be "faster than expected" if the trade war with the U.S. continues, she added, while Brexit and a protracted USA government shutdown also pose risks. "Higher trade uncertainty will further dampen investment and disrupt global supply chains".
"We will take necessary steps to maintain financial stability and to facilitate enabling conditions for sustainable and robust growth, ' Shaktikanta Das said in his first speech at the Vibrant Gujarat Summit on Friday after taking charge as the 25th RBI governor".