Guzman's wife, Emma Coronel Aispuro, leaves Brooklyn federal court on January 17 after attending the trial. Guzman, 61, now faces a possible sentence of life in prison. About 150,000 of those deaths were tied to organized crime.
Guzman listened to a drumbeat of guilty verdicts on drug and conspiracy charges that could put the 61-year-old escape artist behind bars for decades in a maximum-security US prison selected to thwart another one of the breakouts that made him a folk hero in his native country.
Reporters said that El Chapo and his wife, Emma Colonel, didn't show any emotions while the jury read the verdict but afterward, Chapo looked at her and waved. His wife shed tears. He was arrested again in January 2016 and extradited to the USA a year later.
Though other high-ranking cartel figures had been extradited previously, Guzman was the first to go to trial instead of pleading guilty. The notorious cartel boss, born Joaquín Archivaldo Guzmán Loera, has been on trial in NY, which featured testimony from multiple witnesses.
And the notorious drug baron believed the youngest girls "gave him energy" according to a drug trafficker who testified against him.
Jurors whose identities were kept secret, reached a verdict after deliberating for six days in the expansive case, sorting through what authorities said was an "avalanche" of evidence gathered since the late 1980s.
Lichtman said the defense "fought like complete savages" and will appeal the case. "Of course we're going to appeal".
Mexico has been mired for 12 years in a deadly military-led war against drug gangs.
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They told jurors how the Sinaloa Cartel gained power in the 1990s, eventually coming to control nearly the entire Pacific coast of Mexico.
New York's Brooklyn Bridge partly closed-off while El Chapo was transported from his prison cell in Manhattan to the courtroom for hearings. Cogan said it made him "very proud to be an American".
The witnesses, who included some of Guzman's top lieutenants, a communications engineer and a onetime mistress, described how he built a sophisticated organization reminiscent of a multinational corporation. Another testified how Guzman sometimes acted as his own sicario, or hitman, punishing a Sinaloan who dared to work for another cartel by kidnapping him, beating and shooting him and having his men bury the victim while he was still alive, gasping for air.
U.S. District Judge Brian Cogan lauded the jury's meticulous attention to detail and the "remarkable" approach it took toward deliberations.
Estimates of how much money Guzman made from drugs vary.
Guzmán, once listed on Forbes' Billionaires List, has always been a slippery and near-mythical figure. It later dropped him from the list, saying it was too hard to quantify his assets. A spokesman for the ex-president has denied the claim.
In contrast, defense attorneys called just one witness and focused on undermining the credibility of cooperating witnesses. The same day, he grinned broadly at audience member Alejandro Edda, the Mexican actor who plays Guzman in the Netflix drama "Narcos".
This came after his second, short-lived escape from prison. He was finally recaptured in January 2016.
Together, they are the biggest producers of drugs sold on USA streets.