The Iowa State Veterinarian has confirmed multiple cases of it in dogs in the state, and the state Department of Agriculture & Land Stewardship is now warning anyone who has "recently acquired a new, small breed dog from Marion [County]" to contact their vet.
The infection spreads among dogs by contamination of birthing fluids and tissues and infected semen.
In humans, a brucellosis infection can cause flu-like symptoms including night sweats, headaches, fever, joint pain, and back pain, according to a fact sheet from the University of Iowa's Center for Food Security & Public Health. This illness has the potential to be transmitted from dogs to humans, health officials say, which makes these new diagnoses potentially concerning for people exposed to the affected animals. Veterinarians, wildlife officers and farm workers are also at higher risk. "The risk to most pet house owners is taken into account very low", the discharge reads. Iowa State University recommended disinfecting areas that have been exposed to an infected dog and keeping sick animals away from healthy ones to prevent the spread of the disease. The animals are now being tested for potential canine Brucellosis.
Despite the ability of the disease to infect both dogs and people, the symptoms it produces differ dramatically between canines and humans.More news: Dwight Gayle sent off after Jack Grealish inspires Aston Villa fightback
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Heinz said her organization, which is based in De Soto, Iowa, is in the midst of a 30-day quarantine after purchasing 32 dogs from the cited breeding facility at an auction earlier this month.
The state's Public Health Department said canine Brucellosis is commonly found in kennels and dog breeding facilities.
These include recurrent fevers, arthritis, or chronic fatigue.
There are no preventive vaccines available for Brucellosis for either dogs or humans.